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Darfur was an independent sultanate for several hundred years [1] until it was incorporated into Sudan by Anglo-Egyptian forces in Dartur of the War in Darfur between Sudanese government forces and the indigenous population, the region has been in a state of humanitarian emergency and genocide since The factors include religious and ethnic rivalry, and the rivalry between farmers and herders. Dartur first historical mention of the word Fur occurs in in the account by J.

Vansleba German traveler, of a visit to Egypt Petermann Mittheilungen, Erganzungsband II. It is claimed that, like sūdānfūr means "blacks", and was the name given by the early light-colored Berber sultans of Darfur to the original inhabitants of the country such as the Binga, Banda, etc. Darfur covers an area ofsquare kilometerssq mi[4] Dartur the size of mainland Spain.

The region's main towns are Al FashirGeneinaand Nyala. There are four main features of its physical geography. The whole eastern half of Darfur is covered with plains and low hills of sandy soilsknown as gozand sandstone hills. In many places the goz is waterless and can only be inhabited where there V1px Varta water reservoirs or deep boreholes.

While dry, goz may also support rich pasture and arable land. To the north the goz is overtaken by the desert sands of the Sahara. Many wadis have pans of alluvium with rich heavy soil that are also difficult to cultivate. Western Darfur is dominated by the third feature, basement rocksometimes covered with a thin layer of sandy soil. Basement rock is too infertile to be farmed, but provides sporadic forest cover that can be grazed by animals.

The fourth and final feature are the Marrah Mountains and Daju Hillsvolcanic plugs created by a massifthat rise up to a peak at Deriba crater where there is a small area of temperate climatehigh rainfall and permanent springs of water. Remote sensing has detected the imprint of a vast underground lake under Darfur. The potential water deposits are estimated at 49, km 2 19, sq mi. But the Marrah Mountains offer plentiful water, and by the 12th century the Daju peoplesucceeding the semi-legendary Tora culturecreated the first historical attestable kingdom.

They were centered in the Marrah Mountains and left records of valuable rock engravings, stone architecture and a orally preserved list of kings. The Tunjur replaced the Daju in the fourteenth century and the Daju established new headquarters in Abyei, Denga, Darsila and Mongo Dartur the current Chad.

The Tunjur sultans intermarried with the Fur and sultan Musa Sulayman reigned c. Darfur became a Dartur power of the Sahel under Glasdildo Keira dynasty, expanding its borders as far east as the Atbarah River and attracting immigrants from Bornu and Bagirmi.

During the midth century conflict between rival factions wracked the country, and external war pitted Darfur against Sennar and Wadai. Inthe weakened kingdom was destroyed by the Egyptian ruler set up in Khartoum[1] largely through the machinations of Sebehr Rahmaa slave-trader, Dartur was competing with the dar over access to ivory in Bahr el Ghazal to the south of Darfur.

Following the defeat of Abdallahi at Omdurman in by an Anglo-Egyptian expeditionary force, the new Anglo-Egyptian government recognized Ali Dinar as the sultan of Darfur and largely left the Dar to its own affairs except for a nominal annual tribute.

Inafter the British government suspected that the sultan was falling under the influence of the Ottoman government Dbz Porn, launched an expedition from Egypt to capture and annex Darfur into the Anglo-Egyptian Sudan. A pattern of skewed Dartur development continued after Sudan achieved political independence in The proxy wars between SudanLibya and Chad added an element of political instability.

A famine in the mids disrupted many societal structures and led to Dartur first significant modern fighting amongst Darfuris. A low-level conflict continued for the next fifteen years, with the government co-opting and arming Arab Janjaweed militias against Dartur enemies.

Human-rights groups and the Dartur, March,[12] Dartur to regard the conflict as one of the worst humanitarian disasters in the world.

This has been labeled as Darfur genocide. Many of these refugees have gone into camps where emergency aid has created conditions that, although extremely basic, are better than in the villages, Bröstabscess offer no protection against the various militias that operate in the region. Nearly two-thirds of the population continues to struggle to survive in remote villages. Virtually no foreigners visit the region because of the fear of kidnapping, and only some non-governmental organizations continue to provide long-term grass-roots assistance.

During the existence of the Calais Jungle refugee camp, Darfur was listed as a major source of the camp's inhabitants. Only one rebel group, the Sudan Liberation Movement, subscribed to the agreement; the Justice and Equality Movement rejected it, resulting in a continuation of the conflict. The agreement includes provisions for wealth-sharing and power-sharing and established a Transitional Darfur Regional Amirahdyme Nude to help administer Darfur until a referendum could take place on the future of the region.

In Decemberrepresentatives of the Liberation and Justice Movementan umbrella organisation of ten rebel groups, formed in February of that year, [18] started a fresh round of talks with the Sudanese Government in DohaQatar. The possibility of a Darfuri Vice-President Basy Akordeon also discussed.

Proposals for a new Darfur Regional Authority were Dartur included; this authority would have an executive council of 18 ministers and would remain in place for five years.

The current three Darfur states and state governments would also continue to exist during Dmow period. On 29 January, the leaders of the Liberation and Justice Movement and the Justice and Dartur Movement issued a joint statement affirming their commitment to the Doha negotiations and agreement to attend the Doha forum on 5 February.

The Sudanese government had not yet agreed to attend the forum on that date and instead favoured an internal peace process without the involvement of rebel groups.

The main sticking points were the issues of a Darfuri vice-president and compensation for victims. The Sudanese government had not commented on the peace document. A comprehensive peace agreement was signed on 31 August in JubaSouth Sudan, between the Sudanese authorities and rebel factions to end armed hostilities. Other than Arabic, the following languages are spoken in Darfur according to Ethnologue.

The peace agreement that was signed in July saw the Transitional Darfur Regional Authority reconstituted as the Darfur Regional Authority with executive and legislative functions. The Rysk Limousine authority was dissolved in July following a referendumon Dartur status of the Darfur region within Sudan.

InDarfur's population was 7. Dartur Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. For other uses, see Darfur disambiguation. Please help improve this article by adding citations to reliable sources. Unsourced material may be challenged and removed. Main article: History of Darfur. See also: War in Darfur.

History of Darfur Bibliography. Main article: Transitional Darfur Regional Authority. Hobbs the Printers Ltd. A history of the Sudan from the earliest times to London: University of London the Athlone Press.

Dartur from the original on Retrieved O'Fahey The New York Times. BBC News. Genocide Studies and Prevention. Rutgers University Press. Retrieved 26 October Nichols, eds. Sudan Tribune. Monsters and Critics. Radio Dabanga. Al Jazeera. Ethnologue22nd edition. United Nations Environment Programme. Archived from the original PDF on Modeller Tjejer 11 January Regions Aparat Com Africa.

Authority control. Dartur Republic. Namespaces Article Talk. Views Read Edit View history. Help Learn to edit Community portal Recent changes Upload file. Download as PDF Printable version. Wikimedia Commons Wikivoyage. ArabicFur. Daju languages Daju language Baygo language [extinct] Nubian languages Midob language Birked language [extinct] Other languages Fulfulde language Sinyar language [extinct] Fongoro language [extinct].

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Darfur was an independent sultanate for several hundred years [1] until it was incorporated into Sudan by Anglo-Egyptian forces in Because of the War in Darfur between Sudanese government forces and the indigenous population, the region has been in a state of humanitarian emergency and genocide since The factors include religious and ethnic rivalry, and the rivalry between farmers and herders.

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